Earth Facts for Kids



Introduction Paragraph:

Embark on an incredible journey to explore our home planet, Earth! This beautiful blue orb floating in space is a treasure trove of wonders and mysteries. From towering mountains and deep oceans to diverse ecosystems and fascinating weather patterns, Earth is a living, breathing planet teeming with life. As the only known planet with life in our vast universe, Earth is unique and special in so many ways. Ideal for young explorers eager to learn about their world, these 30 fun facts about Earth will unveil the marvels of our amazing planet. So, let’s get ready to dive into the oceans, soar through the skies, and trek across continents to discover the incredible world of Planet Earth!

30 Earth Fun Facts for Kids

  1. Earth is the third planet from the Sun in our solar system.
  2. It’s the only planet known to have an atmosphere containing free oxygen, oceans of water on its surface, and, most importantly, life.
  3. Earth is about 4.5 billion years old.
  4. 70% of the Earth’s surface is covered by water.
  5. The Earth’s atmosphere is made up of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and 1% other gases.
  6. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth and can be seen from space.
  7. Earth has only one natural satellite – the Moon.
  8. The Earth’s core is as hot as the surface of the Sun.
  9. The highest point on Earth is Mount Everest, which is 29,029 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level.
  10. The lowest natural point on Earth is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean, at about 36,070 feet (10,994 meters) below sea level.
  11. Earth is not a perfect sphere; it’s slightly flattened at the poles and bulging at the equator.
  12. A year on Earth is 365.25 days. It’s why we have a leap year every four years.
  13. The Earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours, creating day and night.
  14. Earth’s axis is tilted, which results in the changing seasons.
  15. The Amazon Rainforest is the largest rainforest on Earth.
  16. About 30% of Earth’s surface is covered by land.
  17. Earth’s gravity varies slightly depending on where you are on the surface.
  18. The Sahara is the largest hot desert on Earth.
  19. The Pacific Ocean is the world’s largest ocean and covers more than 30% of Earth’s surface.
  20. Earth has a powerful magnetic field, which protects us from the effects of solar wind.
  21. Lightning strikes the Earth about 100 times every second.
  22. The Earth’s atmosphere extends up to about 10,000 km above the planet’s surface.
  23. There are more than 7 billion people living on Earth.
  24. Earth has more than 3 trillion trees.
  25. The longest river on Earth is the Nile River.
  26. Earth has over 24 time zones.
  27. The planet is home to over 8.7 million species of plants and animals.
  28. Volcanoes are openings in Earth’s crust that can let out ash, gas, and hot magma.
  29. About 90% of the world’s earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire, an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean.
  30. Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System.


Q: Why does Earth have different seasons?
A: Earth has different seasons because its axis is tilted as it orbits the Sun. This tilt causes different parts of Earth to receive more direct sunlight at different times of the year.

Q: How does the Earth stay in orbit around the Sun?
A: Earth stays in orbit around the Sun due to the force of gravity. The Sun’s massive gravity pulls on Earth, keeping it in a consistent orbit.