Moon Facts for Kids

Gazing up at the glowing night sky, Earth’s lone orbiting satellite captivates kids and adults alike with its allure, mystery, and natural wonder. The moon holds so many intriguing secrets spanning its craters, phases, landings, mythology and more just waiting to be uncovered. Learn all about what makes the moon such an enthralling astronomical highlight among planets with these cool facts for children.

Moon Facts for Kids

  1. The moon is approximately 238,855 miles (384,400 km) from Earth on average, circling us every 27.3 days.
  2. Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei observed the moon’s craters and valleys in 1609 using an early telescope, describing features dramatically differing ideas at the time.
  3. Twelve American astronauts comprising of eleven men and one woman have walked on the moon cumulatively to date during NASA’s Apollo space program between 1969 through 1972.
  4. The same side of the moon always faces Earth since the natural satellite rotates precisely once per orbit. This phenomenon is known as being tidally locked.
  5. Lunar eclipses create a “blood moon” red coloring from sunlight refracting onto the moon’s surface by passing first through Earth’s atmosphere.
  6. Since the moon lies closer to Earth than the International Space Station, unprotected astronauts must wear specialized spacesuits while walking on the moon’s surface potentially experiencing temperature extremes over 200°F.
  7. Mythology and ancient stories from Greek, Roman and Norse civilizations feature moon gods and goddesses representing lunar power believed driving humans occasionally mad. This temporary inflicted madness became known as lunacy.
  8. The moon likely formed approximately 4.5 billion years ago according to scientific theories, just 60 million years following Earth’s creation.
  9. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin narrated the first moonwalk in July 1969 which Armstrong claimed was “…one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” televised for 600 million viewers.
  10. Without the moon stabilizing tilt, Earth could wobble unpredictably on its axis, severely fluctuating climate temperatures and conditions over seasons.
  11. Since lower gravity generates less friction and air resistance, objects fall slower on the moon compared to Earth. Feathers and bowling balls dropped together land simultaneously.
  12. The moon’s craters, valleys and mountains stem from extreme heating underway billions of years ago from asteroid bombardment and volcanic eruptions rather than wind and water erosion forces shattering land here.
  13. Sophisticated lunar laser ranging experiments bounce light beams between observatories worldwide and reflectors left on the moon precisely charting minute fluctuations in astronomical distances between Earth and moon.
  14. Ancient tribes and civilizations monitored lunar phases closely for timing spiritual rituals while farmers find new and full moons useful predicting sowing and reaping crops respectfully.
  15. Over long periods, the moon’s gravitational pulls produce land tide bulges spanning 20 inches temporarily shifting dirt while additional ocean tide flows exceed 30 feet.
  16. Impacts creating craters and asteroids pummeling the moon’s surface causes bright hot glowing molten splashes radiating out from chaotic contact points clearly observable using telescopes.
  17. The Apollo astronauts’ footprints and rover tire tracks sit undisturbed on the airless, erosionless moon where footfalls imprinted that July 20th, 1969 day eternally.
  18. Unity, Tranquility, Serenity and Harmony represent appropriately descriptive names for select Apollo lunar landing sites conveying otherworldly states of grace astronauts encountered there.
  19. Moon rocks contain surprising traces of hydrogen theorized originating from solar winds bonding to common oxygen somehow not explains fully.
  20. Over 4-billion-year bombardments, innumerable meteoroids striking moons mountains and craters bears unmistakable testimony of intense early fierce asteroid pelting lacking protective atmosphere.
  21. 17th century thinker Copernicus studied lunar craters and peaks concluding similar land formations means Earth and moon share common cosmic origins alike.
  22. Looming lunar eclipses where sunlight rays indirectly paint moons fully shadowed face haunting blood red occurs moments moon passes directly behind Earth.
  23. Neil Armstrong carried assorted international commemorative medallions cautiously onto moon intending installation completing ultimate symbolic gesture celebrating monumental achievement occasion.
  24. Echoing Neil Armstrong’s words, a plaque attached Eagle lander reads, “We came in peace for all mankind.” underscoring humanity’s unified wonder and goodwill exemplified gloriously.
  25. Deceptively, nearby full moons appear vastly larger near horizons merely because optical depth perception falters without usual framed references allowing our eyes misinterpreting scale.
  26. Mickey Mouse accompanies 13 ounces Moon rocks 220 experts nationwide receiving hoax version materials meticulously created by NASA encouraging chemical analysis skills improving knowledge founded through scientific process over wishful thinking.
  27. Speculation suggests potentially ice harvesting from lunar poles digging 6 feet deep could provide self-sufficient water resources essential for establishing permanently inhabited moon exploration bases studiously.
  28. Solemnly carrying recognized moon walker Neil Armstrong’s ashes secretly, his Apollo 11 crew member Buzz Aldrin romantically rejoined colleague above during 2012 memorial departure service years afterwards symbolically.
  29. Imbued intensive focus and lighthearted moments amid divisions dark vastness isolation three Apollo 17 representatives spent longest periods exploring moon December 1972 later inspiring future generations return undaunted.
  30. The 50-year Apollo program conducted achieving President Kennedy’s 1961 bold vision exploring moon remains remarkable displaying humanity’s unwavering godly quest satiating boundless imaginations when organized virtuously coordinated through faith, wisdom and willpower ultimately.

Moon Facts for Kids FAQ

How old is the moon? Scientific theories deduce the moon likely formed 4.53 to 4.51 billion years ago early in Earth’s development about 60 to 130 million years after solar system creation.

What causes moon phases seen from Earth? The lunar phase cycle arises from variable illuminated portions that sunlight strikes as the moon orbits Earth over 27.3 days from fresh through waxing, full, waning and repeating stages.

Why does the same moon face always point toward the Earth?
The moon experiences gravitational tidal locking with Earth so identical lunar hemispheres perpetually orient planetward as it pirouettes mid orbit over 29.5 day full rotational periods creating the phenomenon.

Who was the first woman to walk on the moon? American Apollo Astronaut Sally Ride trained intensely for moonwalking but unfortunately no female stepped moon soil yet through 2022 although NASA plans targeting future manned lunar exploration inclusive commitments currently.

How many moon landings were there? In total six successful crewed NASA Apollo landings occurred between 1969 through 1972 ferrying 12 astronauts safely walking upon lunar surfaces through Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16 and 17 missions each contributing valuable rock samples and photography documenting achievements extensively.