Moon Facts for Kids

Embark on a lunar adventure and discover the mesmerizing world of the Moon! Our Moon is not just Earth’s only natural satellite; it’s a celestial body of wonder and mystery that has fascinated humans for centuries. From its phases and eclipses to its craters and seas, the Moon holds many secrets and surprising facts. Perfect for young astronomers and space enthusiasts, these 30 fun facts about the Moon will shine a light on some of the most intriguing aspects of this familiar, yet mysterious, celestial neighbor. So, let’s get ready to explore the magnificent Moon and uncover its many marvels!

30 Moon Fun Facts for Kids

  1. The Moon is about 4.5 billion years old, nearly as old as the Earth.
  2. It is the fifth-largest natural satellite in our solar system.
  3. The Moon is about 238,855 miles (384,400 kilometers) away from Earth.
  4. A single day (sunrise to sunrise) on the Moon lasts about 29.5 Earth days.
  5. The Moon’s gravity is about 1/6th of Earth’s, which is why astronauts can jump higher there.
  6. The same side of the Moon always faces the Earth due to a phenomenon called tidal locking.
  7. The Moon has mountains, flat plains called ‘maria,’ and deep craters.
  8. There is no atmosphere on the Moon, which means there is no sound or weather.
  9. The Moon’s surface is covered in a layer of fine, gray moon dust, or regolith.
  10. There are eight different phases of the Moon.
  11. A full moon happens once every 29.5 days.
  12. The Moon is slowly moving away from Earth at a rate of about 1.5 inches (3.8 cm) per year.
  13. Earth’s tides are largely caused by the gravitational pull of the Moon.
  14. The Moon has quakes, similar to earthquakes, caused by gravitational interactions with Earth.
  15. The Moon’s temperature can reach up to 260 degrees Fahrenheit (127 degrees Celsius) during the day and can drop to -280 degrees Fahrenheit (-173 degrees Celsius) at night.
  16. Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the Moon in 1969.
  17. The Moon has no wind or weather, so astronauts’ footprints can last for millions of years.
  18. The Moon’s orbit is not a perfect circle; it’s slightly elliptical.
  19. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth is between the Sun and the Moon.
  20. The Moon is gradually slowing down Earth’s rotation.
  21. The Moon has its own time zone, known as Lunar Standard Time (LST).
  22. Only 12 people have walked on the Moon, all American astronauts.
  23. The dark spots on the Moon are basalt, a type of volcanic rock.
  24. The Moon is the only other place in the solar system, besides Earth, where humans have visited.
  25. Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon.
  26. The highest point on the Moon is the peak of Mons Huygens, which is about 15,420 feet (4,700 meters) high.
  27. The Moon has no magnetic field.
  28. The first spacecraft to reach the Moon was the Soviet Union’s Luna 1 in 1959.
  29. The Moon’s presence helps stabilize Earth’s climate.
  30. The Moon is slowly shrinking, causing “moonquakes.”


Q: Why does the Moon have phases?
A: The Moon’s phases are caused by its orbit around Earth and how the Sun lights up different parts of its surface as seen from our planet.

Q: Can we live on the Moon?
A: Currently, the Moon cannot support life as we know it due to its lack of atmosphere, water, and stable temperature. However, future technologies might allow for human habitats on the Moon.

Q: Why does the Moon appear to change size?
A: The apparent change in the Moon’s size is an optical illusion. Its distance from Earth varies slightly due to its elliptical orbit, making it appear larger or smaller.

Q: What is a blue moon?
A: A blue moon is the term for the second full moon in a calendar month. It’s a rare event, hence the phrase “once in a blue moon.”